8-10 November 2021
University of Freiburg
Europe/Berlin timezone

Energy harvesting due to charge redistribution upon drop impact & Swelling of partly saturated hydrophobic polymer brush layers

8 Nov 2021, 16:00
45m
Aula, Kollegiengebäude I (University of Freiburg)

Aula, Kollegiengebäude I

University of Freiburg

Platz der Universität 3, 79098 Freiburg
Keynote

Speaker

Frieder Mugele (Physics of Complex Fluids, University of Twente)

Description

The first part of this lecture I discuss how the energy of falling drops impacting onto pre-charged hydrophobic polymer surfaces can be harvested in an external electrical circuit as screening charges redistribute within the drop.
High speed video imaging and simultaneous electrical measurements lead to a physical model of the energy conversion process including a quantitative analysis of the conversion efficiency [1, 2].
Part two addresses preliminary experiments on the spreading of oil drops with a low vapor pressure on hydrophobic polymer brushes. Within a few hours the swelling process leads to the formation of a pronounced halo around the macroscopic contact line, where the thickness of the partially swollen brush layer varies by a few hundred nanometers over a lateral width of the order of 1mm. The experiments suggest that this seemingly static configuration is in fact stabilized by a very slow gradual evaporation and therefore intrinsically a non-equilibrium phenomenon.

[1] Wu, H., et al., Energy Harvesting from Drops Impacting onto Charged Surfaces. Physical Review Letters, 2020. 125: 078301.
[2] Wu, H., et al., Charge Trapping-Based Electricity Generator (CTEG): An Ultrarobust and High Efficiency Nanogenerator for Energy Harvesting from Water Droplets. Advanced Materials, 2020. 32: 2001699.

Primary author

Frieder Mugele (Physics of Complex Fluids, University of Twente)

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